With the development of online means of disseminating information, including social networks, traditional filters in the form of, for example, media editorial offices have disappeared. Nowadays, anyone with a smartphone or PC becomes a media outlet.
According to the results of the survey “DEMOCRACY, CITIZENS’ RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS, AND MEDIA CONSUMPTION IN TIMES OF WAR” conducted in July 2022 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology at the request of the civil network “OPORA”, we see the following.
These results clearly demonstrate that freedom of speech is an important value for Ukrainians. However, understanding the situation in the country and facing the manifestations of Russian propaganda, citizens want the state to perform some of the content filtering functions for them (although more than 50% of citizens consider themselves capable of distinguishing fake from truth).
The dominance of Telegram channels as a source of information proves that traditional information formats, from television to online media, are losing relevance and are not keeping up with the development of technology and society. Their popularity is not due to trust, but mainly to the convenient format of receiving information.
The main result of this survey is that Ukrainians desperately need a national-level training program on media literacy and information hygiene.
Read more about this and the basics of information hygiene in Yuriy Goncharenko’s lecture “On Information Hygiene and its Role in the Modern World. A View from a Country at War” and subsequent articles:
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